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Continents

According to Countryaah, most people speak from the seven continents of the planet. However, geologically there are six distinct large land masses on earth, for many geographers and scientists refer to six.

Those who consider that there are seven continents refer to a separate Europe and Asia (divided into the Ural Mountains, in western Russia), while those who prefer six continents refer to the joined landmass (and only tectonic plate), such as Eurasia. In some countries, the Americas are combined on a single continent.

Examples:

The six continents include: Africa, Antarctica, Oceania, Eurasia, North America and South America.

The seven continents include: Africa, Antarctica, Oceania, Asia, Europe, North America and South America.

Six or seven continents on Earth?

A continent is one of several large land masses on earth.

There is no standard definition for the number of continents, but you will find that six or seven are commonly used.

Many consider that there are seven continents - Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America.

European Continent Division

In Europe and other parts of the world, many students are taught from six continents, where North and South America are combined to form a single continent in America.

Thus, these six continents are: Africa, America, Antarctica, Asia, Australia and Europe.

Many scientists now refer to six continents, Europe and Asia, where they are combined (since it is a solid geological landmass), like Eurasia.

Thus, these six continents are: Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Eurasia, North America and South America.

Geographers divide the planet into regions and, generally, not continents, to facilitate the study.

Several geographers have different definitions of these regions of the world.

This official country property by region divides the world into eight regions: Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, Europe, North America, Central America and the Caribbean, South America, Africa and Australia and Oceania.

Antarctica

2012 CountriesWe all know the story of the Norwegian Roald Amundsen who competed with the Englishman Robert Scott to become the first man on the South Pole.

On December 14, 1911, the goal was reached and the rival was defeated, and Amundsen was allowed to place the Norwegian flag on the said pole. Despite the continent's exciting history, Antarctica is not for anyone in search of cultural experiences. Here it is about the nature of nature and a myriad of animals and birds that do not move just because a group of adventurous tourists pops up.

Area: 14 million km²

Population: 1000-5000

Biggest city: McMurdo Station, 1200 inhabitants (only during summer)

Geography of Antarctica

Antarctica is the world's fifth largest continent and about twice the size of Australia. The landscape does not surprisingly consist of ice and snow as far as the eye and imagination can reach. Only two percent of the Antarctic area is ice-free. In winter, the continents' shores are packed into a three meter thick ice layer and in summer they are surrounded by pack ice. The continent's interior is covered by two kilometers of ice, which has been formed by snow, which for millions of years has been compressed into a massive mass of ice. The ice regularly gives off huge icebergs which, unlike the Arctic icebergs, are flat, but can be up to 150 km long. The largest glacier in the world, of course, belongs in this huge island landscape. The colossal Lambert Glacier is 60 km wide, over 400 km long and 2.5 km thick. Antarctica's greatest geological mystery is its warm lakes that hide under the ice. In some lakes the water at the surface consists of 4 warm fresh water,

Antarctic wildlife and climate

The sea around Antarctica is rich in plankton and very nutritious for both small animals and plants on the seabed, fish and mammals in the water and birds in the air, which come to Antarctica in the summer to nest. One bird that seems to be completely crazy in Antarctic plankton is the silver tern. It nestles in the Arctic regions around the North Pole, but crosses the entire length of the globe from pole to pole to mop up plankton as summer comes to the southern hemisphere. There are plenty of animals and birds on Antarctica, but plants are worse off. Only a little moss dares to venture along the coast during the short summer.

The Antarctic climate is colder than the Arctic, and at the same time it blows a great deal here. Wind speeds of up to 100 meters per second are nothing unusual. The harsh weather is the worst in the winter, so you should avoid traveling to Antarctica. The compact darkness only breaks for short periods every day, and the cold is so extreme that boiling water is instantly transformed into a cloud of ice and snow if it is thrown into the air. The summer from November to February, in turn, is unlikely to be beautiful with sunlight playing over the surface of the ice almost around the clock, and a lively activity among birds, penguins, seals and whales. On the coast, the temperature is around the freezing point during the hottest months, and about -20 below the coldest.

Antarctic Territories

The exploration of the far continent in the south began in earnest when James Cook first sailed in the waters around Antarctica in the 1770s. The first expedition on land was Norwegian under the leadership of Leonard Kristensen and was made in 1895. The Norwegians were really well advanced when it came to Antarctica, and in 1911 Roald Amundsen, who first became the South Pole himself after 2.5 months of tough dog sled travel from the coast to the center of the continent. The countries Australia, France, New Zealand Chile the United Kingdom, Argentina and Norway has divided Antarctica into tartar-shaped territories with the tip of the South Pole. Despite some disagreement as to where the borders of the territories go, the seven countries agree to use Antarctica only for scientific activities and prohibit all forms of military exercises. Every effort is also made to protect animal and plant life on the continent. About 5,000 researchers from several different countries are now populating the continent at various research stations along the coast and at the South Pole.

Traveling in Antarctica

Antarctica is the world's wild continent. Nature, wildlife, weather and beauty surpass everything you thought you could imagine. Most people who travel to Antarctica immediately ask themselves, "Are I still on Earth or have I come to another planet?" The great Antarctic continent is still a distant dream, but the dream has become a bit more accessible with ice-class cruise ships with fleets of sturdy inflatables (zodiacs) that allow visitors to land ashore in otherwise inaccessible places and thus get really close to animals and birds.

Most cruises to Antarctica begin at the southern tip of South America, cross the stormy Drake Strait, and then cruise around the islands around the Antarctic Peninsula. In Antarctica, a holiday awaits in the large marine animals and the signs of the birds. Bear and humpback whales chase krill around the pack ice, the seals go ashore to feed their young, the leopard seals and killer whales chase fish in the water and thousands of penguins exhibit an almost human behavior with kindergarten and swimming school for the youngest generation. The birds build nest wherever there is space and include species such as migratory albatross, king albatross, big lab, sled beak, silver tern and storm swallow. The surroundings consist of icebergs, ice floes, rocky bays surrounded by high mountains and the bright sunlight reflected in the glaciers.


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