Tajikistan. According to
countryaah, the contradictions of the civil war in the
1990s again brought to mind and led to battles with many
casualties in southeast Tajikistan.
When a regional security chief was killed in July, the
regime sent special forces to the province of
Gorno-Badachshan, on the border with Afghanistan. The action
was directed at local warlord Tolib Ajombekov, who fought
against the government in the civil war in the 1990s.
The residents of Gorno-Badachshan stood on the side of
the rebels in the civil war and have remained in opposition
to the Tajikist regime. The military operation was a new
attempt to take control of the hard-to-reach area of the
Pamir Mountains where former rebel groups are located,
Data on the number of casualties fell apart, between
about 50 and 70. After a week of fighting and negotiations,
and under threat of a major military offensive, the rebels
were reported to have laid down weapons since being promised
In August, rebel leader Imomnazar Imomnazarov was killed,
leading to protests in Gorno-Badachshan's capital Chorogh.
When protesters tried to storm a government building, police
In August, the Supreme Court opened a lawsuit against 15
people accused of being members of a banned Islamist
organization, Jamaat Ansarullah. Ten similar groups have
After negotiations during the year, the Tajikistan and
Russian Federation agreed in October to extend the agreement
for the Russian military base in the country by 30 years.
The base is seen as a defense against militant Islamist
groups and drug smuggling. In exchange for granting the
base, Tajikistan receives financial assistance and President
Emomali Rachmon's long-lived regime receives political
In October, the Ministry of Education declared that the
country's universities would prohibit students from
participating in seminars, courses and other collections
organized by foreign and international groups.
The human rights group Amparo was banned in October by a
court decision. Amparo was run by young lawyers
investigating allegations of abuse and torture and guarding
the rights of soldiers. According to Human Rights Watch, the
decision was an attempt to silence critical voices and a
major step backward for human rights in Tajikistan.
TeliaSonera's subsidiary Tcell in Tajikistan was among
the Internet operators who, on the orders of the Tajikist
regime, blocked users' access to certain news pages. The
Tajik National Assembly in Sweden accused TeliaSonera of
participating in the violation of Tajikistan's right to free
and independent information.
In November, ISPs were ordered to block Facebook for
their users. Authorities claimed that the decision was made
at the public's request and that many complained about "dirt
and slander" in social media.
In December, 131 websites were blocked, including
Twitter. Opposition leader Umarali Quvatov, who formed the
Group 24 opposition movement, was arrested at the end of the
year in Dubai at the request of the Tajik regime. He was
charged with fraud.