Solomon Islands. During the year, the European Commission
proposed that Solomon Islands and 15 other island nations in
the Pacific, for example, be granted visa-free access to EU
member states. The European Parliament must approve the
A murder of a prominent official in the capital Honiara
in April led to a vengeance attack on a poor residential
area on the outskirts of the capital, where several houses
were burnt down during the death threats to residents. The
population was very critical of the police's late reaction,
and the incident sparked debate about the Solomon Islands
being ready for the 2013 withdrawal of the Australia-led
peacekeeping force that has been on the islands since 2003.
countryaah, the rich stock of tuna around the Solomon Islands has
declined in recent years. One of three major species,
big-eyed tuna, is overfished, and environmental groups claim
that a second species is at risk. Between 25 and 45% of
fishing is believed to be illegal or without reporting.
Climate warming of the seawater is also expected to cause
tuna around the Solomon Islands to be driven further east
and the coastal fisheries will decrease.
In order to gain better control over fishing, the
government decided during the year to tighten the rules for
tuna fishing. Licenses shall primarily be given to fishing
companies that invest in the fishing industry onshore and
take ashore their catch in the Solomon Islands.
During the year, the international network TRAFFIC, which
surveys trade in wildlife, raised the alarm that over 50,000
parrots, cockatoos and other exotic birds were exported from
the Solomon Islands in a decade. Some of the 35 species sold
from the country are on the list of endangered birds, such
as the acutely endangered yellow-tailed cockatoo and blue