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Peru

Yearbook 2012

Peru. According to countryaah, almost six months after President Ollanta Humala's entry into power, the guerrilla movement Sendero Luminoso suffered its worst defeat since its leader Abimael Guzmán was apprehended in 1992. On February 12, an army federation in Alto Huallaga Valley succeeded in seizing Florindo Eleuterio "Artemio" Flores Hala, the last of the gerillas marked the end of an era for the notorious guerrilla movement. Humala praised the Army for the effort and observers noted that he was considerably more restrained and statesmanlike in his triumph than President Alberto Fujimori was in 1992. At the same time, he announced his efforts to find and destroy the last active 300-man Sendero Luminoso force under Victor Quispe Palino in Vraedalen would be intensified into the largest military operation in Peru in a decade.

2012 Peru

President Humala's popularity figures rose significantly after the arrest of Flores Hala, and the operations in Vraedalen started off well with the arrest of another guerrilla leader, Albino Toscano "Tucán" Taipe. But in early April, employees were kidnapped at a gas consortium in the area and attempts to free the hostages failed. The punishments that two missing policemen underwent during the operation due to lack of support from the army involved and upset the entire country. Humala was forced to admit that the area was controlled by the guerrillas and was subjected to severe pressure to dismiss Defense Minister Alberto Otárola and Interior Minister Daniel Lozada. They both resigned in early May and at the end of July, Prime Minister Oscar Valdés also resigned.

During the year, several demonstrations and protests from illegal gold miners occurred, especially around the copper and gold mine of Conga in the Cajamarcar region and in the province of Madre de Dios. In clashes with police in Puerto Maldonado in mid-March, three protesters died and 40 were injured.

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