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Norway

Yearbook 2012

2012 NorwayNorway. In March, Kristin Halvorsen resigned as leader of the Socialist Left Party (SV) after leading the party for 15 years, sometimes with great success. According to countryaah, Audun Lysbakken was elected new party leader, who had just been forced to resign as Minister of Gender Equality since his ministry paid out grants to organizations and groups with links to the minister and the party. SV was in a deep crisis with unusually low opinion figures.

Islamist leader Mulla Krekar was sentenced in April to five years in prison for murder, terrorist threats and solicitation. Among those who he threatened with murder were the Right Leader Erna Solberg. The Kurdish mullet, which is seen as a security risk in Norway, immediately presented new threats to Norwegian politicians online.

2012 Norway

But the mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik wanted the mole as a witness in his trial. According to Breivik, they both had the same worldview, namely that the Western countries are at war with the Muslim countries and that a Muslim conquest threatens Europe.

The support the Labor Party and Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg received in opinion after Breivik's terrorist attacks in 2011 fell gradually. In opinion polls in the spring and summer, Høyre became the largest party, and the bourgeois opposition was clearly larger than the red-green coalition. A survey during the summer gave Høyre a full 32%, while the Labor Party got about 30%. In addition, a majority, 46.2%, wanted Høyre's leader Erna Solberg to become prime minister after the fall of 2013. Jens Stoltenberg was supported by 42.1% who wanted to see him continue as head of government.

The trial of the mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik began in April and lasted for ten weeks. In its closing plea in June, the prosecutor argued that Breivik must be considered ill and therefore should be sentenced to closed psychiatric care. The defense, on the contrary, said that Breivik was sufficient when he committed his acts of terror and that the punishment should become a prison. Forensic psychiatry was divided on this issue.

In August, the report came from the government's July 22 commission, which went through the authorities' actions following the terrorist attacks in Oslo and Utøya on July 22, 2011, when a total of 77 people were killed. The Commission criticized the police for bad organization, poor preparedness, lack of procedures, non-functioning communication and lack of judgment among individual employees.

The Commission felt that Breivik could have been stopped earlier if the police had had better organization in their work. The police could have acted faster on Utøya, according to the report, and the bomb against the government headquarters had never had to detonate if the safety regulations had been followed.

The report was debated in the Storting but had no direct political consequences. However, it led to the resignation of the country's police chief.

At the end of August, the verdict against Anders Behring Breivik fell. The court declared that Breivik was punishable by criminal law, and he was sentenced to the strictest sentence of the law. That meant 21 years in prison with the possibility of extension five years at a time as long as he is considered a danger to society. The court's ruling was welcomed both by the victims' relatives and by public opinion.

In September, Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg conducted a surprising government reform, in which Foreign Minister Jonas Gahr Støre had to change to the problematic Ministry of Health and was succeeded as Foreign Minister by Espen Barth Eide, former Minister of Defense. Political judges believed that the transfer of Støre could be a sign that Stoltenberg was preparing for his own retreat and that Støre would be trained in domestic politics to become the Labor Party's prime ministerial candidate in the 2013 parliamentary election.

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