Nepal. When Nepal was visited by China's Prime Minister
Wen Jiabao in January, the two countries agreed in a joint
agreement that Nepal should not allow its territory to be
used for "anti-Chinese or separatist activities", which was
a clear signal to exiled Tibetans to stay away from Nepal.
A month later, the process of integrating parts of the
former Maoist guerrillas into the country's regular army
began. Of the more than 19,500 former rebels who have been
in UN-supervised camps since the peace treaty was signed in
2006, at least 9,000 expressed a desire to become part of
the government army. It was significantly more than the
6,500 Maoist rebels that the major political parties,
including the large Maoist party, agreed in November 2011 to
try to integrate. About 7,300 former Maoist rebels had
instead opted for financial assistance and other assistance
to return to civilian life.
In March, the army entered and took control of the areas
where the former rebels lived. According to
countryaah, the reason the army entered
the camps was that riots had erupted there as a result of
contradictions between exrebells and their commanders, who
had hitherto controlled the areas. According to information,
the commanders must have stolen equipment from their former
soldiers and pleaded guilty to corruption. Many former
rebels are said to have welcomed the arrival of the army.
When the deadline for the incumbent Constituent Assembly
(which also serves as the country's temporary parliament) to
present a proposal for a new Nepalese constitution expired
on May 27, Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai of the Maoist
Party of UCPN-M was forced to announce new elections. After
four deadlines had been extended on four previous occasions,
the Assembly, which was elected in 2008, had on 24 May
finally been denied by the country's highest court for a
further extension of the mandate. The major stumbling block
among the parties to the work on a new constitution had been
whether Nepal should be divided into ethnically based
administrative sections or whether the country should rest
on multiethnic grounds.
Bhattarai announced elections until November 22, but by
the end of the year no election had yet been held. The
country's electoral commission stated that it would be held
as soon as spring 2013. Meanwhile, Bhattarai remained as
head of government in an expedition ministry, consisting of
representatives of all former government parties except
three who resigned in protest against Bhattarai remaining in
the prime minister's post. Popular street protests also
erupted as Bhattarai formed a new transitional government.
The opposition Nepalese Congress Party refused to recognize
the government and its right to call for election. The
Congress party demanded that a unifying government be set up
before an election date could be set.
In July, a man was sentenced to 170 years in prison for
trafficking by a Nepali district court. The man was found
guilty of selling young girls to brothels in India for
prostitution. It is a widespread and serious problem in poor
Nepal that many young men and women end up in prostitution.
About a quarter of a million Nepali girls and young women
are believed to be prostitutes in India.
In September, at least nine people were killed and two
were missing since an avalanche reached more than 8,000
meters at Mount Manaslu in the Himalayas. Among those killed
were four Frenchmen, a Canadian, a German, an Italian, a
Nepalese and a Spaniard. It was the worst avalanche accident
in Nepal since 2005, when 18 people were killed at Kang Guru
The same month, 16 passengers and three crew members were
killed when an airplane crashed shortly after takeoff at
Kathmandu Airport Tribhuvan. Among the dead were seven
Britons, five Chinese, four Nepalese and the Nepalese crew.
Fatal air traffic accidents are common in Nepal.