Indonesia. In several parts of Indonesia, during the
spring, extensive demonstrations were held against the
government's proposal to scrap some state subsidies on fuel.
The proposal meant that the price of fuel would rise by 33%.
In the troubled province of Papua in the far east, in
March, five separatists were sentenced to three years in
prison each for treason. They were convicted of advocating
Papuan independence from Indonesia in the autumn of 2011. In
June 2012, a separatist leader in Papua was shot dead by
police. According to police, Mako Tabuni was shot while
trying to escape an arrest in the city of Jayapura. However,
eyewitnesses said that Tabuni was shot in the back of the
street by a shooter in a passing car. Police suspected
Tabuni of being behind violent riots and protests in Papua
earlier in the year, which demanded several deaths. The
shooting of Tabuni led to a series of new violent protests
in the Jayapura area.
countryaah, police in March killed five suspected terrorists in Bali.
According to police, the men planned to carry out a series
of robberies to finance the blast attacks at various tourist
resorts on the island. Police suspected that the men were in
contact with militant Islamist group Jemaah Ansharut Tauhid
(JAT). In October 2002, 202 people were killed, most of whom
were foreign tourists, in blasts against tourist resorts in
Bali. Even then, militant Islamists were behind.
Prior to the local elections in Aceh in northern Sumatra
in April, the police special forces for counterterrorism
arrested five people in the province for what was termed as
politically motivated violence. Previously, tens of people
had been killed and many injured in a series of gunfire and
explosions in Aceh. In the April 9 governor election, Aceh
Party candidate Zaini Abdullah, 71, and "Foreign Minister"
in exile for the separatist resistance movement GAM (the
Movement for a Free Aceh) during the conflict in Aceh with
the Indonesian government and military. At the same time,
local leaders in 17 districts were also elected.
A sold-out concert with American pop star Lady Gaga,
scheduled for June 3, was canceled in May after the Front of
Islam's defense threatened to stop it. The fundamentalist
Islamist group believed that Lady Gaga was a "messenger of
evil." The front of Islam's defense is notorious for trying
to intervene against everything they think represents
Western moral decay or beliefs that they think deviate from
the right doctrine. Police later said that the concert could
be held if Lady Gaga toned down certain elements of her
show, something the artist declined. Several observers felt
that the canceled concert was one of a series of signs that
the government was becoming increasingly difficult to resist
the pressure of Islamist pressure groups in Indonesian
In June, a court in the capital Jakarta sentenced
"Demolition Man", which is actually called Umar Patek, to 20
years in prison for producing the car bomb used in the
biggest blast attack in Bali in 2002. He was also found
guilty of participating in blast attacks against six
churches in Jakarta in 2000, when a total of 19 people were
killed. Patek was the last of the most central perpetrators
to be sentenced for Balidåd 2002.
When US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited the
country September 3, she called for negotiations to end the
Papua conflict. At the same time, the United States was
criticized by human rights organizations for its decision to
resume arms sales to the Indonesian military, which they
believed accounted for much of the violence in Papua.
In October, police attacked about a dozen people
suspected of planning terrorist acts against Western
targets, such as the US Consulate in Surabaya and the US
Embassy in Jakarta. The arrested were believed to belong to
a newly formed militant Sunni Muslim group, called Hasmi.