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Haiti

Yearbook 2012

Haiti. According to countryaah, the political crisis in Haiti, which seemed to be over with the election of Michel Martelly as president and the nomination of Garry Conille as Prime Minister in 2011, entered a new phase on February 25, when Conille resigned after only four months. A UN delegation visiting Haiti in February found that the country was still institutionally paralyzed, threatening the much-needed aid for reconstruction following the catastrophic earthquake in January 2010. Although the number of people still living in makeshift camps had fallen by two-thirds, year to half a million.

2012 Haiti

On June 19, amendments to the Constitution came into force, aimed at strengthening the democratic institutions. Among other things, a Supreme Justice Council with nine members will exercise oversight of the legal system and strengthen its independence. A constitutional court must also be created. In addition, all Haitians with dual citizenship were given the right to vote, which significantly increases voter turnout to include the 2-4 million Haitians who live abroad, and women are allocated to public office.

In early May, Congress approved Laurent Lamothe as new prime minister. One of his first actions was to stop a May 18 protest action by a thousand former soldiers, some with weapons, demanding the restoration of the 1995 abolished army. In both the capital Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haiti, riots with stone throwing and tear gas erupted, and about fifty people were arrested. However, President Martelly himself was no stranger to a re-establishment of the army, and above all Brazil, who led the UN force (MINUSTAH) which served as a replacement for it, declared itself ready to assist in the construction of a new army.

Towards the end of the year, President Martelly faced increasing political dissatisfaction. Price increases on basic foods led people to go into extensive protests in, among other things. Cap-Haiti in September, and protests quickly spread to other cities. However, a general strike that was announced until October 1 never ended.

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