Guinea. Contact between President Alpha Condé and the
opposition continued to be tense during the year. The
parliamentary elections that should have been held as early
as 2011 did not appear to be resolved until early spring
2013, although the president promised in July that it would
be held before the end of the year. Several times during the
year, riots erupted in the capital, Conakry, when police
intervened to stop government-critical demonstrations. The
clashes were often given ethnic marks when the opposition
was dominated by the Fulani people group, while the security
forces were dominated by the Malinke people group, which
also belongs to President Condé. At least a hundred people
were arrested, most of whom belonged to the opposition party
Union of Guinea's Democratic Forces (UFDG), which was led by
Cellou Dalein Diallo who came second in the 2010
In the fall, however, the government and the opposition
agreed to appoint a new electoral commission. Its members
were appointed in October via decrees from the president,
but opposition parties had objections to some of the people
appointed to represent them and threatened to go to court.
In mid-December, the President of the Election Commission
announced that parliamentary elections would be held on May
12, 2013, but problems arose immediately when it emerged
that the new election date had not been approved by a
sufficient majority of Commission members.
countryaah, several steps were taken during the year when it came to
bringing those responsible for a massacre of 157 opposites
in Conakry 2009 to justice. Many people were injured at the
same time and at least 108 women were raped. In February,
charges were brought against Lieutenant Colonel Moussa
Tiégboro Camara. He thus became the highest ranking person
in the junta 2008–09 charged with this. Despite the
prosecution, he was allowed to remain as minister
responsible for combating drug trafficking and financial
crime. In September, a legal process was also initiated
against Colonel Abdoulaye Chérif Diaby. According to the
human rights organization Human Rights Watch, at least 200
people had been heard in connection with the investigation.
However, many of the soldiers suspected of participating in
the massacre were still on duty.
In September, Guinea was granted amortization of more
than $ 2 billion as part of the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) and the World Bank's heavily indebted countries
The government continued its review of government
contracts with foreign mining companies that had been
concluded by Lansana Conté's regime and the later
military-led governments in 2008-10.
In November, Aïssatou Boiro, a senior chief of the
Treasury who investigated several cases of high-level
corruption, was murdered in the open street by men in
At the end of July / August, unrest erupted in the
village of Zogota in the south-east when young people
destroyed parts of Vales and BSGR's facilities. When the
people of Zogota and Siguiri protested against the mining
companies, the security forces intervened, and several
people were shot dead. The government initiated an
investigation into what happened.
In a major refurbishment of the government in October,
three generals had to leave their ministerial posts.
A cholera epidemic, which broke out in February, had
claimed at least 120 lives by mid-September, and nearly
7,000 people had been infected.