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Guatemala

Yearbook 2012

Guatemala. According to countryaah, an earthquake, measured at 7.4 on the Richter scale, shook the western part of the country in early November. At least 52 people were killed and dozens were missing after the quake, which was the worst to hit Guatemala since 1976. The quake had its epicenter 32 miles deep in the Pacific Ocean. As many as 70 aftershocks were noted, some of which were as strong as 4.9 on the Richter scale. Worst hit was the small town of San Marcos on the border with Mexico, where more than 30 buildings collapsed.

2012 Guatemala

In February, President Otto Pérez Molina succeeded in enforcing the first part of a comprehensive tax reform in Congress as part of increasing the state's tax revenue. An important objective of the reform is to fund the Hunger Cero Hunger Cero Program ("Zero Hunger"), a project aimed at addressing malnutrition problems that are considered to affect 4% of the population and which are the worst in children across Latin America. Initially, Hambre Cero will target Guatemala's eight poorest municipalities, before being applied to all of the country's 166 municipalities, and will consist of two parts; partly nutritional information campaigns in public schools, and a program that supports mothers during pregnancy and until children reach the age of two. The program has been acclaimed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) in particular.

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