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Germany

Yearbook 2012

2012 GermanyGermany. According to countryaah, the criticism grew at the beginning of the year against President Christian Wulff after it was discovered that he had borrowed money privately from a business acquaintance when he was prime minister in Lower Saxony, denied that it happened, and then threatened a newspaper about the published information about it. When the state prosecutor opened a preliminary investigation, Wulff resigned. In March, the Federal Assembly - the members of the Federation Day and as many representatives of the states - elected Joachim Gauck as new president. Gauck, a former priest and civil rights fighter without a party name, won with a satisfactory majority over the Nazi hunter Beate Klarsfeld, who was the candidate of the Left. Gauck became Germany's third president in just under two years; Wulff's representative Horst Köhler also resigned prematurely.

2012 Germany

Three state elections were held in the spring. The Christian Democratic CDU remained the largest in Saarland, but had to form a "big coalition" with the Social Democratic SPD since the previous coalition partners backed. In North Rhine-Westphalia, the SPD strengthened its already dominant position and formed a new government with the Greens. In Schleswig-Holstein, the bourgeois coalition fell, and an SPD-led government was formed with the Greens and the Danish-Frisian party SSW. In all three elections, the Pirate Party entered the state parliament. The party was previously only represented in Berlin.

A regional court in Cologne found that circumcision of boys for religious reasons violates the child's rights and causes bodily harm. The rally did not directly imply a ban, but drew sharp criticism among Muslim and Jewish representatives who called it religious discrimination.

The crisis in the euro zone took a big place on the political agenda. When it came to the crunch, Chancellor Angela Merkel and her CDU received support from most of the opposition. In June, more than two thirds of the federation approved the EU financial pact and the permanent new crisis fund, ESM (European Stability Mechanism). Germany would become the main financier of the fund. A strong opinion opposed the ESM, and the Left and other critics requested that the Constitutional Court review the decision. The statement came in September: ESM was not found to be in violation of the Constitution. However, the Constitutional Court made certain reservations. Germany got contribute up to a maximum of EUR 190 billion, in addition a new decision was required on the Bundestag.

There were harsh criticisms from many parts of Europe against Germany's emphasis on austerity, which many feared slowed growth and contributed to the euro zone falling into a new recession during the year. Many slogans were shouted against Merkel in demonstration trains in the crisis-hit countries of southern Europe. Germany itself seemed to be heading towards negative growth at the end of the year.

In September, the SPD appointed Peer Steinbrück as its chancellor candidate ahead of the 2013 election day. Steinbrück, who had no challenger within the party, was finance minister in the large coalition with the CDU, which the SPD entered into until 2009 but did not want to sit in a new government. with Merkel as Chancellor.

A fire in a workshop where the disabled worked in November claimed the lives of 14 people in Titisee-Neustadt in southwestern Germany.

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