Chad. A large part of the population was in need of food
aid from outside because the harvesters failed due to
drought and insect pests. In January, the UN announced that
it was investing the equivalent of over SEK 40 million on
food supplies to approximately 4.5 million people in Chad.
Over 125,000 children suffered from acute malnutrition.
countryaah, UN Children's Fund UNICEF reported during the year that
child mortality dropped significantly in the world in two
decades, but Chad was one of the exceptions and was one of
the countries where more children die today than 1990.
According to the World Bank, Chad has the world's highest
child mortality rate with 209 deaths in five years per 1,000
born (figures from 2009).
At the same time as the oil money regime carried out
major new construction projects in the capital N'Djamena,
more than half of the people lived below the poverty line.
The situation was exacerbated by the large number of
refugees from neighboring countries. Nine years after the
civil war in Darfur, Sudan, tens of thousands of refugees
were left in eastern Chad.
In July, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The
Hague ruled that Senegal must bring Chad's former President
Hissène Habré to trial immediately or ensure that he is
extradited to Belgium, who can prosecute for human rights
violations wherever committed. Habré had been in house
arrest in Senegal since 2005.
Senegal agreed with the African Union that a special
court should be set up for a trial against Habré, who is
considered responsible for the murder and torture of tens of
thousands of people in 1982-90.
The Chadian military joined the Central African Republic
at the end of the year after the neighboring country's
president Francois Bozizé asked for help to defeat a rebel